Find answers to commonly asked questions about fertility and in vitro fertilization (IVF). If you don’t find the answer you’re looking for here, please submit a question . If selected, your question will be answered and posted on this page.
What are the causes of infertility?
Basically, a woman’s and/or a man’s reproductive system is unable to function properly, affecting the ability to conceive. Conception is a complicated process, and there are many factors that can affect fertility. For a detailed discussion, click here.
How does a doctor diagnose fertility issues?
Per ASRM guidelines, it is recommended that you see a fertility specialist for an evaluation if:
- You are younger than 35 years and have not become pregnant after 1 year of having unprotected intercourse
- You are 35 years or older and have not become pregnant after 6 months of having unprotected intercourse
- You have or your partner has a known fertility problem, such as missed periods or sexual dysfunction
A fertility specialist is also known as a reproductive endocrinologist. He or she will give both partners a physical examination to determine their general state of health and to identify underlying factors that may be affecting fertility. The doctor will also ask them about their sexual habits to get a better understanding of their conception issues.
If no cause can be determined at this point, additional testing is usually recommended. For more information about diagnosis and testing, click here.
What is IVF?
During IVF, a woman’s eggs are surgically removed from the ovary and combined with sperm outside her body. Within a day, the eggs are fertilized and are then called embryos. One or more of these embryos are then placed in the uterus. For more details on the procedure, click here.
What are the success rates of IVF?
The average success rate for IVF in 2014 for women under 35 was approximately 57%. This information is based upon data collected by the Society for Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART).
One important factor in achieving a successful pregnancy is to begin treatment immediately. As with many medical procedures, there is no guarantee of success. However, the earlier you begin treatment, the better your chances for a successful pregnancy because fertility declines with advancing age. See more facts about IVF here. For help finding a fertility specialist, click here.
How much does IVF cost?
IVF treatment is done in “cycles.” You can learn more about cycles here. The cost of a cycle can vary depending on a number of factors, but it is not inexpensive. Like other involved medical procedures, IVF requires highly trained professionals and high-end laboratories and equipment. It is also possible that a cycle may need to be repeated, involving additional costs. For more information regarding IVF costs, click here.
Will my insurance plan cover treatment?
Some states mandate that insurance plans cover IVF. However, the laws vary greatly in what is and is not covered. For more information about the specific laws, call your insurance company or your state’s Insurance Commissioner’s office.
Are there other financial considerations?
It is possible you may qualify for help financing your treatment or for a refund program. In addition, Ferring offers discounts on some of our fertility drugs. Also, you may be able to write off some of the expenses on your tax return. For more information and links to discount programs, click here.